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Table 6 Short distance communication protocols

From: Internet of things enabled real time water quality monitoring system

Parameter Short distance protocols
ZigBee Bluetooth LoRa Wi-Fi
Standard IEEE 802.15.4 IEEE
802.15.1
LoRaWAN R1.0 IEEE 802.11 a/c/b/d/g/n
Transmission range 10–20 m 8–10 m <30 Km 20–100 m
Energy
consumption
Low Bluetooth:
Medium
BLE: Very
Low
Very low High
Data Rate 40–250 Kb/s 1–24 Mb/s 0.3–50 Kb/s 1 Mb/s–6.75 Gb/s
Cost Low Low High High
Usage Communication between sensor and controller Communication between controller and application